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AI-Powered Surveillance System for Unmanned Gas Stations in Japan


According to the Agency for Natural Resources and Energy in Japan, the country has seen a significant decrease in the number of gas stations in the past twenty years, with over 40% closing down. This trend poses a significant challenge regarding gas station accessibility. Moreover, upkeep and maintenance of the existing fuel distribution infrastructure is both costly and laborintensive, often requiring trained personnel who are in short supply. This human resource shortage is compounded by Japan’s declining birthrate, population aging, and depopulation in rural areas, all of which will adversely affect the fuel distribution network’s efficiency. In light of these challenges, a leading Japanese gas station brand turned to Advantech’s cutting-edge AI and IoT innovations for a transformative solution to optimize its fuel distribution network.


Moving away from traditional full-service gas stations, the brand pursued a novel approach – establishing small-scale unmanned self-service gas stations empowered by AI and computer vision. Given the shortage of field service personnel, the brand required a surveillance system that was robust, durable, resilient in extreme outdoor conditions, and required minimal maintenance or replacement. The system would not only need to perform real-time AI analysis on both vehicles and drivers, but also interface with the fuel dispensers to execute corresponding actions based on the analysis results. Thus, key requirements included having a substantial number of I/O and serial ports to ensure seamless integration with the fuel dispensers, and outstanding computing performance to handle multiple high-resolution cameras. To support their 24/7 operation into the future, securing replacement parts and local after-sales services were also key considerations.


With Advantech’s long-established reputation in industrial computing and local support in Japan, the brand selected the AIR-030 Compact and High-Performance Edge AI Box for their project. Compliant with industrial standards 61000-6-2 and 61000-6-4, the AIR-030 was purposefully designed for applications in industrial environments. It supports a broad power supply range of 9 to 36 VDC and a wide operating temperature range of -10°C to 60°C, ensuring the stable operation of the fuel distribution network that spans from North to South Japan.

Leveraging the NVIDIA Jetson AGX Orin 64GB module, the AIR-030 delivers up to 275 trillion operations per second (TOPS), supporting multiple concurrent AI inference pipelines and high-speed data transmission for detecting vehicle and driver behavior, as well as controlling fuel dispensers. Additionally, it boasts an Ethernet speed of 2.5GbE to support high-resolution camera connections in vision AI processing. The solution includes the Linux Ubuntu 20.04 OS environment and supports NVIDIA JetPack™ SDK 5.0 and above, as well as Advantech’s Edge AI SDK. This not only ensures superior AI inferencing, computer vision, and image processing, but also reduces testing and implementation times.

By utilizing Advantech’s edge AI SDK, the brand’s SI partner helped verify the performance of the AIR-030, AI containers, AI models, and libraries during project planning, significantly reducing the time spent on trial and error. Furthermore, the abundant resources from the NVIDIA® Jetson Ecosystem greatly reduced development time while optimizing the AI applications. This facilitated the smooth integration of cutting-edge AI technology into their AI software at minimal expense.

The AIR-030’s compact size makes it easy to fit into virtually any gas station design, and its rich set of interface options, including PoE, LAN, and USB, allows for connecting to various types of cameras. By integrating the fuel dispensers and surveillance system into the AIR-030 via a COM port, the brand is able to perform AI analysis upon fuel nozzle pickup and return while also monitoring for potential hazards, such as cigarette smoking or improper fuel nozzle usage. Upon detection of a hazardous event, the fuel supply is suspended automatically, and an alarm LED connected to the AIR-030 also lights up to alert the driver.


This Unmanned Gas Station Surveillance System effectively addressed the manpower challenge for the Japanese gas station brand. This solution eliminated the need to allocate time and resources on educating and training of new personnel for each new station. With regional management centers overseeing multiple stations, the brand has not only simplified the process of establishing small unmanned self-service stations, but has also facilitated the efficient realization of their goal to rapidly expand their gas station.


• Employs a Linux Ubuntu 20.04 OS environment and is compatible with NVIDIA JetPack™ SDK 5.0, guaranteeing exceptional performance in AI inferencing, and image processing.

• Leverages Advantech’s edge AI SDK for seamless verification of AI containers, models, and libraries, streamlining the project development process.

• Achieves enhanced safety through integrating the fuel dispensers and AIR-030, enabling automatic fuel supply cut-off upon hazard detection.


The brand not only simplified the process of establishing small unmanned stations but also facilitated the efficient realization of their goal to rapidly expand their gas station coverage.